Atrial fibrillation (AF) is regarded as the everyday kind of arrhythmia of heart rhythm disturbances.
For your correct and efficient work in the heart, the rhythm is provided with the sinus node. This really is really the website, which normally signals the middle to contract (that’s, likely to impulse). In atrial fibrillation, contractions (not impulses) are chaotic are available from various parts of the atrium. How often of individuals contractions is capable of countless for each minute. Normally, how often of contractions originates from 70 to 85 bpm. When the impulses pass for the ventricles in the heart, how often from the contraction also increases, which then causes a obvious, crisp degeneration inside the condition.
Causes of Atrial Fibrillation
The development of atrial fibrillation could originate from both cardiovascular disease and illnesses of other body organs. Most often, atrial fibrillation has the next illnesses:
Rheumatic heart illnesses
Severe heart failure
Sometimes atrial fibrillation occurs with thyrotoxicosis, intoxications with adrenergic agonists, cardiac glycosides, alcohol, additionally to might be triggered by neuropsychic overloads and hypokalemia.
Idiopathic atrial fibrillation may also happen, what can cause which remain unknown even with careful examination.
Atrial fibrillation can get because of consuming alcohol, after an electric shock, and open-heart surgery. Paroxysms might be triggered by factors for instance exercises, stress, the sunshine, and abundant consuming. In rare cases, likely to inherited predisposition towards the beginning of this condition.
Complications of Atrial Fibrillation
The most common complications from the coronary disease are thromboembolism and heart failure. In mitral stenosis, complicated by atrial fibrillation, the occlusion in the left atrioventricular hole with the intrapartum thrombus can lead to stroke and sudden dying.
Protection against Atrial Fibrillation
AF can be a serious condition, but fortunately it might be prevented.
The purpose of primary prevention could be the active control over illnesses that are potentially dangerous according to the progression of atrial fibrillation (arterial hypertension and heart failure).
The measures of secondary protection against atrial fibrillation are directed at adherence to recommendations on anti-relapse drug therapy, cardiac surgery, restriction of workouts, and refraining from taking alcohol.